New Planets That We Could Possibly Live

According to researchers, the Earth is now around 4 billion years old. That is quite a number for an age. The Earth has changed a lot since then; from its structure geographically to its components atmospherically.


The sad news is, instead of helping the planet to preserve its life, the people living on it is hastening its degradation. Also, the earth is not immortal, and it will soon reach its limits. Though it will be hundreds of years more but still, the race of humankind is at stake.

For this reason, researchers from NASA are doing studies beyond the universe to look for any candidate of a new planet where we could live. For years, they have tirelessly navigated the vastness of the cosmos just to look for similar (if not entirely identical) a habitual planet like Earth.


Potentially Habitable Planets

Habitable Exoplanets Catalog (HEC) has come up with a list of planets that are considered to be habitable. The following exoplanets are information taken from HEC and the NASA’s Exoplanet Archive.



  1. Proxima Cen b – this is an exoplanet that is around 4.2 light-years away from the Earth. A group of astronomers from different countries has been studying the possibility that life can exist on this planet. Proxima Cen b is around 1.3 of the Earth’s mass. The distance of Proxima Cen b to the star it is orbiting is about 5% of our Sun and Earth’s distance. Because of that, it passed the criteria to be considered as part of Habitable Zone.
  2. Ross 128 b – this exoplanet is around 11 light-years away from the Earth. According to researchers, the size of Ross 128 b is similar to the Earth. It may also have the same surface temperature. This level of warmth technically shows us that it can support life possibly. This exoplanet can complete an orbit to its host star for only 9.9 days. Its host star is Ross 128 and is commonly known to as the red dwarf star.
  3. Kepler-186 f – this exoplanet is the first Earth-size planet found in the habitable zone. It is only about 10% bigger than our world. Others have considered this planet to be the “Earth’s Cousin.” Kepler-186 f is around 490 light-years away from the Earth. This exoplanet is in the area of its system where liquid such as water possibly exist on its surface. Since this planet can be found in the habitable zone and the possibility that water does exist on its surface, it is a place where life can succeed.

There are more exoplanets that astronomers had discovered. The following have been listed too such as TRAPPIST-1e, Gliese 832 c, HD 40307 g, and many more. These exoplanets in the habitable zone suggest that a neighboring planet within the habitable zone should have the conditions that are roughly comparable to those of Earth.


Space Travel

Upon discovering the numerous planets that are considered habitable, what then is the next step that these researchers would do? Because the level they will be making means that it can become the step of the human race. Are we ready to travel through space just to find a new home or should we preserve what we have now?


A New Scientific Discovery: Metallic Hydrogen

A group of scientists around the world has been trying to prove that the element hydrogen can acquire properties to become a metal. However, they have not come up with an acceptable way to do it without destroying any equipment. Scientists have been trying to turn the lightest of all elements into solid metal.


What is Hydrogen?

Hydrogen is a chemical element that is represented by an H in the periodic table having an atomic number of 1. It is considered the lightest periodic element with a standard atomic weight of 1.008. One of the most common elements in the world, it consumes 75% of the mass of the entire universe with just one electron and one proton.


Hydrogen is naturally gaseous in state at room temperature. It is an air-like fluid substance that expands without restraint to fill any space available even though this element produces a water-like content when it is burned. That substance became one of the materials in making fuel. Hydrogen is not a fuel or source of energy on its own. Relatively, when it burns, hydrogen reacts with the oxygen in the air to produce heat. This heat is then used for power.


How did it happen?

As reported in the Science journal, a group of scientists at Harvard University has at long last succeeded in creating a small amount of what is the most valuable, and possibly the rarest, material on Earth. It is considered as a stunning act of modern-day alchemy.


Ranga Dias and Isaac Silvera are the two physicists who claimed that they had finally turned hydrogen into metal. Such a feat would potentially develop technology and has been hailed as one of the significant breakthroughs in history.


Professor Isaac Silvera said: “It’s the first-ever sample of metallic hydrogen on Earth, so when you’re looking at it, you’re looking at something that’s never existed before.”


Revolutionizing Technology

The metallic hydrogen is considered a superconductor. It could conduct electricity or transport electrons from one atom to another without any resistance because electricity loses energy when it travels in conventional circuits in the form of heat. Hence, it has become an issue of sending electrical currents over long distances compared to shorter ones. However, if it travels through a superconducting material, the loss of energy is nearly zero.

According to Science magazine, there is also a possibility the metallic hydrogen can be metastable. Meaning, even at average temperatures and pressure levels its metallic properties will be preserved once formed. This characteristic allows 100 percent efficiency rate in conducting electricity in normal conditions. Through this, it can considerably reduce the costs of transferring electrical currents. Lower prices mean more powerful and efficient electric motors and a far more efficient electrical grid will be made.

Like any other researchers, this claim has its critics. There are some experts said that the two scientists, Ranga Dias and Isaac Silvera, might have mistaken something else for the significant metal. It is still an on-going inquisition upon the considered achievement of the two. If this discovery is real, then, we are revolutionizing technology. If not, yet it is a step closer to it.


How Have We Evolved over Time

When we think back to a couple of decades ago, we didn’t know all the things that we know now. There are so many things that have changed and that have made the way we live so much better. There are people that are saying that we don’t really evolve over time, but there are some signs that we have actually evolved far quicker in these modern times. However, this modern lifestyle is often faced-paced and relentless and many people struggle to cope. It is a more stressful lifestyle and many people benefit from free online counseling.  Here are some of the things to explain why we are saying that we are evolved over time:

Medical advancement

The first explanation on how we have evolved more rapidly in recent times is to look at our medical history. Hundreds of years ago, there wasn’t any such thing as organ transplant and a bought of flu or measles could have spelled death. Amazing but true.  In the twenty-first century, we haven’t just carried out a simple organ transplant like kidney or liver, but we are also able to transplant hearts,

In the twenty-first century, we haven’t just carried out a simple organ transplant with the heart,  kidney, and liver but we are also able to transplant other parts of the body. The medical advancement is getting better and better over time. Now flu is something that everyone gets during the winter time and measles isn’t as deadly anymore. Nowadays, even deadly illnesses like cancer and HIV are becoming more and more treatable and, though there isn’t yet a cure, patients are able to live almost normal lives. However, even though we, as humans, are able to do all this, there are still millions of people who suffer from depression and other mental issues and need online therapy. Thankfully, there are many expert organizations out there like BetterHelp that can help sufferers get back on the road to recovery.

Technology advancement

If you ask a teenager today to use a landline phone, use a record player, send a fax, or even use dial-up Internet, they will possibly not know what you are talking about and stare at you with a blank expression. Things we used only a decade or so ago have all been replaced by touch screen phones which were unfamiliar and something only a couple of people had. Today, all the touch screen phones are essential to our lives and on it is our record player, radio, camera, fax machine, computer, phone, and everything else that you can take with you everywhere. Imagine carrying all that equipment around from 30 years ago. 50 years ago, no one had a clue about these amazing smartphones. Hopefully, in another 50 years from now (or much sooner), things like depression and the need for people to seek online counseling will be a thing of the past too. If you want to know about some types of depression, visit our other article or read more here:

Technology is a great example that we are evolved over time. Now, there might be some things that we don’t know about that might be used by our grandchildren or their children. But note that “There is also little doubt that all of the new technologies, led by the Internet, are shaping the way we think in ways obvious and subtle, deliberate and unintentional, and advantageous and detrimental.” Jim Taylor Ph.D. explained.


Personally and gender advancement

Fortunately, for the good of humanity, slavery is something that doesn’t happen anymore in most countries. What’s more, women have the same rights as men do anything… and that didn’t happen years ago. Another great example of gender advancement is that now marriages of the same sex is deemed the norm, while only a couple of years ago it was illegal to marry the same sex. “Much of the information they are exposed to is negative and harmful, and thus only reinforces the feeling of isolation.” Nicole Issa, PsyD also added. 

Personally, I think people are evolving and things are changing every day. Now, many more women are working and their husbands are staying at home and taking care of the kids; you know the kids alarm clock, personal chef, hygeinist, judge, repair person and the 5 million other things a stay at home parent does daily.

When we think about it, there are many things that change over time. We are evolving and everything is getting better and more complicated. Technology is improving, the medical industry is improving, and now marriages of the same sex are legal. “Everyday evolution” as I like to call it, is something that is happening even if we don’t want to admit it. Hopefully, we can now start developing ways to help those who need online counseling by being prepared for every situation and even how to control anger. As Stephen Dansiger PsyD MFT used to say, “Mindfulness for Anger Management puts mindfulness into action with transformative skills and real strategies for overcoming anger and taking control of powerful emotions.”


History of Human Development

Human development. This is something that we hear about so much. There are so many debates going on about how we have changed over time since the beginning of mankind today now the twenty-first century. When we look back to the history of human development, we are seeing a huge difference from the time that our ancestors were living in caves and hunting for our food. However, even though we have evolved beyond recognition in terms of technology and lifestyle, it is this modern lifestyle that actually causes many to suffer from depression and there are many types of depression that even go unnoticed. Here are some of the way we as humans have developed.

“I believe that human beings have an inherent longing and need for wholeness and balance, which is our natural state of being.” –Jennifer Bradley, Psy.D., HSPP, Clinical Psychologist

Our ancestors that lived thousands of years ago

People who lived thousands of years ago lived a whole lot different from us. They lived in small dwellings and even in caves. They hunted for food and didn’t have money to purchase anything that they need.

They have made everything themselves and if they couldn’t make it or exchange it with someone else, they had to live without it. Traveling wasn’t easy. They didn’t have cars, airplanes, or trains to travel to another town, state, or country. Life was hard and survival wasn’t as easy as we have today. However, during these hard times, life was simple and it is entirely possible that fewer people suffered from different types of depression like we do today and that could be down to our need for continual evolvement… some clearly find it harder to cope than others.

Our grandparents and their parents

Rolling forward a few thousand years and to our grandparents and how their parents have lived, you will see an enormous difference from the way ancient people have lived. However, even they didn’t live the way we are living today.

They were able to travel by train or by a vehicle, but their vehicles weren’t as fast or safe as ours today. The food was hard to find and even if there was money to purchase essentials, it was hard to get. This is due to the wars that were going on during that time. Another thing that was different from now, is that women didn’t have a right to say anything or to vote. They needed to stay home and raise the children. And gay and bisexual relationships were, or course, forbidden.  During this period, many people would have required counseling though it was non-existent. Why do you think that the ’30s were known as the Great Depression? Yes, there were no jobs and many were starving, but imagine how they would have felt with no way to help themselves or their family… and no one to turn to. Thankfully, we have the BetterHelp to make sure we are fine nowadays.

“We should examine the inextricable role that self-love plays in any and all human connection.” -Clinical Psychologist and relationship expert Molly Gasbarrini, Ph.D. 


How we are living today

Today, going overseas or going to another town is as easy as climbing in your vehicle or just fly there in a short time. It is easier to talk to friends and family that are living all over the world.

Technology has changed from the old landlines to smartphones and social media where you can talk to someone far away from you in a split second. Medicine is much better and more and more cures are being found for different illnesses that would have killed us just a hundred years ago. It is also possible to receive free online counseling when we feel depressed. Even organ transplants have improved and are now a lot safer than a couple of years ago. However, even with the high-tech life that we are living, there are still threats that we need to face on a daily basis. see on from

When we look at the history of human development, you will see that we have changed a lot since our ancestors. Technology, the way we prepare food and everyday living improved a lot over the last couple of hundred years. And, it is still changing. “As adults, we have leveraged technology to accomplish amazing things in our lives: we do our work, manage our social lives, consume news and entertainment, even make new purchases for the holidays, all with the push of virtual buttons. Despite being cognitively mature, emotionally resilient and capable of delaying gratification, we struggle to set limits on our own usage.” Jyothsna Bhat, PsyD said.

Human development is still improving at an incredibly fast pace and we are going to live better and have even more technology that our parents didn’t have. One day, we can only hope that illnesses like depression also become a thing of the past. In the meantime, however, we are fortunate enough to have great organizations out there like BetterHelp that can provide essential information and guidance.


Have our Brains Evolved

Many debates that have been going on for years and will go on for years is whether our brains have evolved and how, if it has, in what way has it evolved. There are many people who claim that our brains haven’t evolved much, if at all but then there are some people that are saying that our brains have evolved significantly over time. What really is the correct answer and how can we say that our brains have evolved? Search for online therapy is very important.

“Online therapy is also known as teletherapy, online counseling, distance therapy, internet therapy, e-therapy, telehealth, telebehavioral health, email therapy, text therapy, phone counseling.” Sena Moran, LMHC

Have our brains evolved?

If you are looking at the studies that have been done for years, it seems as though our brains really are evolved over time. However, this is just about studies that have been done, and not real facts or proven studies yet and there are still millions of people who suffer from mental issues and require free online counseling. But remember that “Online care is not for every patient or practitioner. Clients with more serious mental illnesses or addictions likely need more treatment than digital therapy can provide. And some clinicians may find certain telehealth modalities difficult,” says clinical psychologist Nina Barlevy, PsyD.

However, more and more studies are showing that our brains are getting better as time goes by. There are many reasons why people are saying that our brains have evolved over time. Maybe one day, there won’t be such thing as different types of depression.

Brains have shrunk from our ancestors

Studies of old skeletons and heads from the prehistoric age prove that our heads and brains have shrunk over time. We would think that our brains have gotten bigger, because of the fact that we are evolved over time.

But, this is strangely not the case. Yes, we have evolved and our brains have evolved over time, but with a head that is shrinking and getting smaller and smaller. This can be confusing for a lot of people that our brains that are smaller than years ago are smarter than the bigger heads. Think of it like the old landline phones versus modern-day smartphones – they are tiny in comparison but packed with power and information. That said, even with all this crammed inside our compact brains, there are still many who suffer from depression. “Depression is a disorder that develops from environmental and biological issues that are unique to each person.” Deborah Serani, PsyD. Explained. There are many types of depression and it is difficult to pinpoint why this is, especially as most of us have brains that are well-equipped to tackle the modern world.

If our brains have to shrink, are we getting dumber?

The one question that many people are wondering – and you might be one of them – is that if the brain has to shrink, are we getting dumber and is the fact that we have evolved actually not the truth?

It can be complicated to explain, but because we are evolved and we are getting smarter and using more technology and things that our ancestors didn’t use, our brains are shrinking. Some evidence proves that our prehistoric ancestors have the same size brains as apes during that time. Now our heads and brains are a lot smaller, but we are now smarter than apes because we know how to control anger and deal with far more complex situations.

Able to do things our ancestors couldn’t

Other proof that, even if our heads and brains are shrinking, we are smarter is simple… just think about the things that we can do now that our parents and grandparents couldn’t do! Things like using technology, flying all over the world and chatting with friends and family in other parts of the world. Get more info coming from

It may seem unexplainable, but even if our heads and brains are smaller than our ancestors’ were, there is some proof that we have evolved over time… and are still doing so. Just think how our ancestors lived and how they prepared food and communicated with each other. Now imagine what it will be like a thousand years from now… a hundred… even a decade from now. People will look back and wonder how hard life must have been for us living now. Hopefully, depression will be one of those things that future people will have no concept about. For now, however, at least we can turn to great organizations like BetterHelp for advice.


3 Tips On Making Probiotic To Suppository Fight Vaginal Infection


Vaginal infection is among the relevant topics that women find difficulty in talking about even with the best of friends. In worst cases, some even sign up for therapy because they feel traumatized by the pain and embarrassment that comes with it. It is understandable if you want the issue to become known to a minute number of people as much as possible. This way, you lessen the chance of hearing others assume that you got the disease due to bad hygiene or any weird stuff they think you may have done behind closed doors.

What such people should realize at this point, though, is that the situation may have taken place because of the lack of probiotics in the vagina. These living microorganisms tend to go away when you often clean the area, so we can easily debunk the assumptions above.

Although the same good bacteria found in the gut thrive in your nether regions, it’s quite impossible for them to travel from the former to the latter. They have different entrance and exit points, after all.

To increase the amount of live active culture within the vagina, learn several tips on how to make probiotic suppository.


Method #1: Molded Yogurt Suppository

Organic Yogurt

This type of product typically does not use sweeteners and is filled with good bacteria. It may be a bit pricier than the regular ones, yet you need the natural variety for this process.

Probiotic Capsule

When you are looking for the right supplement, it is recommended to find a pill containing the Lactobacillus acidophilus strain. Nevertheless, make sure to choose the probiotic with the highest quality.

Mini Ice Mold

This method calls for the use of a mini ice mold tray. The size of every suppository you can make with it allows you to insert the solidified solution inside the vagina without experiencing any discomfort.


You have to use a spoon to transfer the yogurt from the container to the mold. It may be advisable, however, to utilize the stainless-steel version rather than the plastic one.

How Is It Done?

Once you follow the steps correctly, you will have a highly potent product that can eliminate candida, a fungus that causes yeast infections.

Step 1: Scoop The Yogurt Into The Mold

Considering you are confident that there are living microorganisms in your yogurt, take your spoon to displace a bit of it in the tray. Remember to fill half of the mold. It will serve as the base layer of your homemade suppository.

Step 2: Add Powdered Probiotics From The Capsule

Open the supplement and directly pour half of its contents on top of the first layer of yogurt.

Step 3: Fill The Mold With Yogurt

The third step keeps the Lactobacillus strain in the middle of the suppository. In this manner, you ensure that the good bacteria coming from it will only disperse when the product is well within the vagina.

Step 4: Try It Out

After refrigerating the tray, assess how you will use each piece. You only need one suppository for a mild yeast infection. You may use it twice a day if you have a more serious bacterial problem.


Method #2: Soaked Yogurt Suppository

Natural Yogurt

You should obtain a plain, high-quality yogurt. That is how you can ascertain that the culture pumped in it remains alive.


The tampon will act as a transfer medium for the yogurt. No specific brand has been recommended, but feel free to purchase the most absorbent kind to have a lot of the good bacteria attach to it.

Cotton Ball

The cotton balls you probably already have in the medicine cabinet will do for this procedure.

How Is It Done?

You may want to perform the second method before bedtime so that the Lactobacillus can do its job while you’re resting.

Step 1: Soak The Tampon With Yogurt

Detach the absorbent part of the tampon and give it enough time to soak in the yogurt. Once you’re satisfied, re-assemble your tampon.

Step 2: Lodge It In The Problem Area

Insert the tampon in the vagina. There is no particular way of doing it; the process is no different from when you use it during menstrual periods.

Step 3: Clean The Outer Region With A Cotton Ball

When the yogurt-soaked tampon is safely inside, dampen a cotton ball with yogurt. The fungus may progress on the external portion of your vagina, so it’s best to smear good bacteria there as well.


Method #3: Coco-Yogurt Suppository


Allow me to emphasize the importance of getting organic yogurt again. This is usually available in large or vegan supermarkets.

Coconut Oil

Coconut oil has antibacterial properties that can aid the probiotics in killing the harmful bacteria. The pure version does not cost a lot.

Suppository Mold

The quickest way to have a suppository mold is by buying one purchase online. If you’re working on a tight budget, though, you may DIY it out of aluminum foil or even a pacifier.

Plastic Syringe

It is used for transferring the liquid accurately into the mold. A micropipette is a great alternative for this.

Beeswax (Optional)

The beeswax is essential in case the coconut oil refuses to melt at room temperature. You can add it in the mixture if necessary.

How Is It Done?

This process suits practical women who want to heal vaginal infection without coughing up a lot of cash.

Step 1: Mix Yogurt With Coconut Oil

There should be a 3:3 ratio for the ingredients. Ensure that the oil is as soft as butter so that it blends well with the yogurt. You may add beeswax if the former remains solid.

Step 2: Roll To Form The Product

From this mixture, create one-inch long suppositories. Use an appropriately sized mold to ease up your work.

Step 3: Freeze In The Refridgerator

This suppository will solidify fast. Only take one out of the fridge, however, when you’re about to insert it. Otherwise, it will also thaw quickly.

Worried About Vaginal Infection?

The components of each probiotic suppository mentioned above are not hard to find. There’s even a high possibility that you already have some or all of them in the house. Now, with the doctor’s permission, you have not one but three methods to try to get rid of vaginal infection on your own.


9 Testosterone Replacement Therapy Requirements To Keep In Check


Have you ever wondered what differentiates a man from a woman in the family?

The difference mainly comes from the fact that there are specific hormones that you can only find in either human being’s body. A woman, for instance, has estrogen and progesterone, which allow them to menstruate and conceive a child. Meanwhile, a man’s body naturally generates a higher level of hormones called testosterone, which is responsible for the many changes that male species go through during the puberty stage.

The thing is, the testosterone levels of a man may progressively decrease over time due to every year that adds to your age. You will realize it when the masculinity that you have exuded in the past has a slight tinge of femininity that was not evident before.

Such news is admittedly hard to accept; that’s why the number of men who undergo testosterone therapy treatments grows annually. For what it is worth, though, you should check out nine testosterone replacement therapy requirements before subjecting yourself to this medical procedure.


  1. A Blood Examination

A proper assessment of your blood is vital since even a small sample of it can tell a physician so many things about your health status. Doctors typically perform a series of blood tests before giving any treatment to know if someone is suffering from hypogonadism (low testosterone) or other issues. The examination allows them to ensure as well that the patient does not have diseases that might get affected or triggered by the therapy.

  1. Real Testosterone Level Decline

As mentioned above, it is unwise to rely on the appearance of symptoms – e.g., low sex drive, erectile dysfunction, fatigue, or hair loss – to be able to say that you need rehabilitation. Getting diagnosed with hypogonadism is one of the ways to confirm that a person’s testosterone level is declining. At times, however, it is merely a side effect of another health condition that the individual has, such as obesity, substance abuse, multiple sclerosis, et cetera.

  1. Free From Heart-Related Diseases

Although researches regarding the effectivity of the therapy are far from complete, only a person who does not suffer from a cardiovascular illness can be given this treatment. One study revealed that the risk of getting a heart attack is two to three times higher for people with a cardiovascular history than for someone who does not have it. The likely reason is that the increase in hematocrit tends to thicken the blood, which is deadly for folks with heart problems.


  1. Small To Zero Desire To Have Children

Older gentlemen who no longer have a desire to produce an offspring typically go through the procedure. You see, when you raise an individual’s testosterone level, it may result in the contraction of the testicles. It means that you will be able to generate a more reduced number of sperm cells, which can make it difficult for you to have babies later.

  1. Lack Of Prostate Issues

You have to make sure as well that you are not dealing with prostate enlargement. Another side effect of the treatment, after all, is the augmentation of that particular gland’s size. If you already have issues in the said area, the therapy might worsen your condition.

  1. Normal Red Blood Cell Count

One of the requirements for testosterone replacement therapy is to have an average count of red blood cells. In truth, this medical treatment can escalate the number of RBCs in your body. That might increase your risk of experiencing blood clots even when it’s unnecessary.


  1. Normal Body Mass Index

Having an average BMI is essential to factor out the possibility that your testosterone level decline is due to weight problems. Like we’ve said earlier, it is among the symptoms of obesity, which a lot of men suffer from. If that is the case, then your hormones may return to the average level once you exercise or stick to a diet.

  1. No Sleep Apnea

Snoring is a disorder that can get worsened by testosterone replacement therapy. More studies are needed to make conclusions about it, but the idea is that the treatment raises someone’s risk of developing obstructive sleep apnea after some time. That is why individuals who struggle with this condition are not supposed to get testosterone supplementations.

  1. Your Physician’s Recommendation

Sudden upsurge of testosterone in the body can be detrimental for your health. Because of that, pharmacies do not sell pills or drugs that increase this specific hormone without seeing a recommendation from a doctor. If you feel like you need this treatment, you need to get tested and have the medication prescribed to you.


Final Thoughts

Having low sex drive and dealing with fatigue or erectile dysfunction can undoubtedly make a man worry, especially if you are nowhere near your 50s or 60s. Despite that, you should remember that hypogonadism is not the only reason why you experience such symptoms. Other conditions cause these problems too more often than you realize.

You better check the things mentioned above before claiming that you need testosterone replacement therapy.



What You Need To Learn About 2014 Fontana Space Discovery Symposium


One of the most excellent events in the scientific field is the 2014 Fontana space discovery symposium. The said event was organized for the sole purpose of educating everyone about the latest advancements or developments in the study of space discovery. Several professionals, particularly professors, have attended the said event. Some of the top common topics included during the symposium include the following:


  1. Space Exploration 

It refers to the discovery, study, and exploration of the celestial structures found in the outer space. Many companies have engaged in the business of developing the latest technology that would help experts gain a deeper understanding of the space. These firms have made significant investments because they look forward to receiving more benefits in the future.


2. Latest Space Discoveries

The attendees of the symposium also had an opportunity to re-learn the different space discoveries in the past. One of the speakers created a recap of all the recent developments and how these findings affect specific scientific facts and theories. They also discussed the factors that must be identified to know whether a discovery complies with a particular cosmological model.


3. Scientific Efforts

The best part about the symposium mentioned above is that everyone was given an opportunity to see the latest efforts made for the scientific community. It was amazing how these efforts are starting to benefit everyone who has invested in studying space discovery and exploration. Some attempts may have failed in the past, but the percentage of the success rates is still astounding.


Symposiums are ideal for those who want to learn more about a particular topic and get acquainted with people who are from the same field. It is an excellent way to connect with like-minded individuals. The attendees came from different parts of the world. It seems like all their efforts were worth it.



According to the American Psychiatric Association, schizophrenia, a mental health problem, is characterized by delusions and hallucinations as a result of the difficulty in thinking and focusing. Patients have trouble distinguishing between actual experiences and imagination. Thought it is just a common mental illness? Think again. Here are five interesting discoveries about schizophrenia in recent years:

More People Than You Think Has Schizophrenia

People have sidelined schizophrenia as a somewhat rare disease, affecting only 1% of the world’s population. However, 12% of all suicide cases are related to schizophrenia. “Suicide is the second leading cause of death for people between 14 and 25, and about 30,000 people in the United States commit suicide each year.” Torey C. Richards, LMHC said. What is more alarming is that those with schizophrenia who commit suicide are becoming younger and younger, at 25% of people aged 25 to 34. Statistics from mental health institutions reveal that more than half of schizophrenic patients actually seek medical intervention few weeks before they commit suicide.


Schizophrenia May Have Something To Do With The Genes

“Schizophrenia is a thought disorder,” says Simon Rego, PsyD. For the longest time, scientists have not been able to pinpoint what causes schizophrenia as it appears to be a result of a myriad of factors, including a person’s environment. Years of research has led scientists to the discovery of C4, a schizophrenia risk gene that causes the “synaptic pruning,” or the decaying and dying off, of neural connections. Higher levels of C4 activity were found among schizophrenic patients compared to those who did not experience it.

Machines Can Now Predict The Incidence Of Schizophrenia

Early diagnosis of schizophrenia would be a great help for both patients and doctors alike, but it remains to be a continuous challenge. A machine-learning algorithm is now able to identify patients with schizophrenia at 78% accuracy. It does so by looking at neural connections in the superior temporal cortex to the other areas of the brain through magnetic resonance imaging or MRI images. Identification is the first step towards recovery and building the resilience in living with schizophrenia.


Haphazard Treatment Of Schizophrenia Is A No-No

In one clinical trial in Europe, 446 patients with schizophrenia received treatment for four weeks with up to 800 mg per day dosage of amisulpride. Soon after, some of those who did not experience remission were given a different antipsychotic, the olanzapine, for six more weeks. After ten weeks, there was nothing that improved for these patients. The additional and differing medications proved ineffective to at least temper the effects of schizophrenia. It means treatment for schizophrenia cannot simply be mixed and matched, more so, done in a hasty aggressive manner.

A Food Preservative Can Help Alleviate Symptoms


According to a new randomized, double-blind, and placebo-controlled test, the addition of sodium benzoate, a common food preservative, to clozapine has an effect of improving negative symptoms among patients who have not achieved remission using other medications. Sodium benzoate increases a person’s cognitive function and takes down schizophrenia’s adverse side effects. It is said to improve the patient’s mood, motivation, and overall outlook.

Aside from these, there have been a lot of recent studies about schizophrenia, its possible causes, and even hints about how we can finally cure it. The ultimate goal is that as the years pass by, scientists will eventually learn the ins and outs of the mental disease and work around to help more people overcome schizophrenia.

“Often psychotherapy is not considered to be effective with individuals dealing with schizophrenia spectrum disorders. But a cognitive-relational psychotherapy approach helps form a warm, trusting and detached relationship, conveys an understanding and concern for one’s client, and involves the therapist telling that individual their own empathic views about what that individual is dealing with.” Ann Reitan, PsyD


What Is Gender Dysphoria? Diagnosis, Treatment, Psychiatry, And Challenges

Gender Dysphoria is a condition where a person feels conflicted about his gender identity and his assigned gender. Because of this, he might feel uncomfortable with his own body. Those affected with this may have trouble or difficulty with their feelings and thoughts and their assigned gender.


People may cross-dress, undergo sex-change surgery or hormone treatment, or change pronouns to affirm their gender identity. They may also change their names that would confirm their gender. Children with gender dysphoria may do the same too.


This is not sexuality or gender nonconformity. The latter is when their behavior doesn’t conform to the gender norms or stereotypes. An example of this would be how a boy would wear clothing that society would expect in girls.


Although there might be children who have gender dysphoria, a lot won’t feel this until they reach puberty. This makes it difficult to identify with their own body to the point that they feel uncomfortable in wearing swimwear or even do self-harming.




The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) set a criterion for diagnosing people with gender dysphoria.


Adults and adolescents are diagnosed with gender dysphoria if they show at least two of the following criteria:


  • A conflict between their expressed gender and their sex characteristics
  • Discomfort in their sex characteristics
  • Wanting another gender’s sex characteristics
  • Wanting to be of another gender
  • Wanting to be treated like another gender
  • A certainty that they feel like the other gender


If a child shows at least six of the following for at least six months, they are diagnosed with gender dysphoria.



  • Want to be the opposite gender
  • Wearing clothes that the other gender usually wears
  • Play involving cross-gender roles
  • A desire for toys stereotyped for the other gender
  • Want their playmates to be of the other gender
  • Dislike of their sexual characteristics
  • Wanting the sex characteristics of their identified gender


Children may show these signs at 2 to 4 years old. If they are atypical to gender behavior, it’s normal. Those who are insistent of their gender by saying “I want to be a boy or girl” were more likely shown to be transgendered in their adulthood. 


Treatment – Psychiatry


Gender dysphoria can be treated by counseling, hormone treatment, puberty suppression, and gender surgery. Some adults may not want to go under the latter though. Others may undergo surgery or hormone treatment too.


Going to therapy can help the person express their feelings about their gender conflict better. It can also help build a supportive environment especially if the family joins the counseling. 


Treating a child has to involve multiple professionals like mental health specialist, pediatrician, and many more. This would help give emotional and psychological support to the child. 




A lot of people still discriminate and stigmatize others with gender dysphoria and those who identify with a gender dissimilar with their physical attributes. Transgender people are also targeted with hate crimes and discrimination by another, like difficulty in accessing health care services.


It can also affect relationships, especially with classmates as they might be bullied for not wearing clothes appropriate of their assigned gender. These children are also at risk of developing problems like depression.